DATA, INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTION

  • Data – Data is any collection of numbers, characters or other symbols that has been coded into the format that can be input a computer and processed. Data on its own has no meaning e.g. Data of birth.
  • Information – Information is processed data e.g. age.
  • Instructions – An instruction is an order/ command given to the computer processor by a computer programme. At the lowest level each instruction is a sequence of zero’s and one’s that describes a physical operation that a computer need to perform. E.g. addition, subtraction. Depending on the type of instruction the data of these instructions is stored in a special storage area called registors. This instruction once processed could be stored in the memory of the computer.

In a computer assembler language each statement corresponds to single processor instruction. In higher level language, a language statement generally results after programme compilation in multi processor instructions.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s