Meaning Human Resource Planning:
Human resource is the most important asset of an organisation. Human resources planning are the important managerial function. It ensures the right type of people, in the right number, at the right time and place, who are trained and motivated to do the right kind of work at the right time, there is generally a shortage of suitable persons.
In order to cope human resource requirements, an enterprise will have to plan in advance its needs and the sources. The terms human resource planning and manpower planning are generally used interchangeably. Human resource planning is not a substitute for manpower planning. Rather the latter is a part of the former i.e., manpower planning is integrated with human resource planning.
Significance of HR Planning
1. Future Manpower Needs
Human resource planning ensures that people are available to provide the continued smooth operation of an organization. It means, human resource planning is regarded as a tool to assure the future availability of manpower to carry on the organizational activities. It determines the future needs of manpower in terms of number and kind.
2. Coping With Change
Human resource planning is important to cope with the change associated with the external environmental factors. It helps assess the current human resources through HR inventory and adapts it to changing technological, political, socio-cultural, and economic forces.
3. Recruitment Of Talented Personnel
Another purpose of HR planning is to recruit and select
the most capable personnel to fill job vacancies
.It determines human resource needs, assesses the available HR inventory level and finally recruit the personnel needed to perform the job.
4. Development Of Human Resources
Human resource planning identifies the skill requirements for various levels of jobs. Then it organizes various training and development campaigns
to impart the required skill and ability in employees to perform the task efficiently and effectively.
5. Proper Utilization Of Human Resources
Human resource planning measures that the organization acquires
and utilizes the manpower effectively to achieve objectives. Human resource planning helps in assessing and recruiting skilled human resource
. It focuses on the optimum utilization of human resource to minimize the overall cost of production.
6. Uncertainty Reduction
This is associated with reducing the impact of uncertainty which are brought by unsudden changes in processes and procedures of human resource management in the organization.