SCOPE OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

  • Human resources planning: It is a process that identifies current and future human resources needs for an organization to achieve its goals. Human resources planning should serve as a link between human resources management and the overall strategic plan of an organization. Aging worker populations in most western countries and growing demands for qualified workers in developing economies have underscored the importance of effective human resources planning.
  • Job Analysis:  Another important area of Human Resource Management is job analysis. Job analysis gives a detailed explanation about each and every job in the company. It refers to ascertaining the roles and responsibilities pertaining to a given post and also involves understanding the relevant qualification and skills which are required for undertaking and hiring an employee on a particular job.
  • Recruitment and selection:  Based on information collected from job analysis the company prepares advertisements and publishes them in the newspapers. This is recruitment. A number of applications are received after the advertisement is published, interviews are conducted and the right employee is selected thus recruitment and selection are yet another important area of Human Resource Management. The selection procedure is carefully designed so as to assure that right candidates are selected for the vacant posts. Selection is hence a very important aspect of HR manager and substantially determines the quality of workforce and its efficiency at large.

 

  • Placement:
  • Orientation and induction: – Once the employees have been selected and placed, an induction or orientation program is conducted. This is another important area of Human Resource Management. The employees are informed about the background of the company, explain about the organizational culture and values and work ethics and introduce to the other employees. In other words it is a detailed introduction of the organization to the newly inducted employees so as to make them settle in the new work place. Orientations programme’s purpose is to make the new employee aware of the operations, working style, work ethics etc, of the organization. It also aims at providing an insight to the employee regarding various departments of the organisation, rules, regulations and values of the organisation, perks and holidays etc.
  • Training and development: – Every employee goes under training program which helps him to put up a better performance on the job. Training program is also conducted for existing staff that have a lot of experience. This is called refresher training. Training and development is one area where the company spends a huge amount.
  • Performance appraisal: – Once the employee has put in around 1 year of service, performance appraisal is conducted that is the Human Resource department checks the performance of the employee. Based on these appraisal future promotions, incentives, increments in salary are decided.
  • Compensation planning and remuneration: – There are various rules regarding compensation and other benefits. It is the job of the Human Resource department to look into remuneration and compensation planning.
  • Motivation, welfare, health and safety: – Motivation becomes important to sustain the number of employees in the company. It is the job of the Human Resource department to look into the different methods of motivation. Apart from this certain health and safety regulations have to be followed for the benefits of the employees. This is also handled by the HR department.
  • Industrial relations: – Another important area of Human Resource Management is maintaining co-ordinal relations with the union members. This will help the organization to prevent strikes lockouts and ensure smooth working in the company.

 

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