The Human Resource Manager is a part of the organisational management. So he must perform the basic managerial functions of planning, organising, directing and controlling in relation to his department.
a. Planning: To get things done through the subordinates, a manager must plan ahead. Planning is necessary to determine the goals of the organisation and lay down policies and procedures to reach the goals. For a human resource manager, planning means the determination of personnel programs that will contribute to the goals of the enterprise, I.e., anticipating vacancies, planning job requirements, job descriptions and determination of the sources of recruitment.
b. Organizing: Once the human resource manager has established objectives and developed plans and programs to reach them, he must design and develop organisation structure to carry out the various operations.
The organisation function basically includes the following:
(i) Grouping of personnel activity logically into functions or positions;
(ii) Assignment of different functions to different individuals;
(iii) Delegation of authority according to the tasks assigned and responsibilities involved;
(iv) Coordination of activities of different individuals.
c. Directing: The plans are to be pure into effect by people. But how smoothly the plans are implemented depends on the motivation of people. The direction function of the personnel manager involves encouraging people to work willingly and effectively for the goals of the enterprise. In other words, the direction function is meant to guide and motivate the people to accomplish the personnel programs. The personnel manager can motivate the employees in an organisation through career planning, salary administration, ensuring employee morale, developing cordial relationships and provision of safety requirements and welfare of employees.